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用Pandas在Excel中输出折线图

在银行业务中报表需要可视化,记录a simple example of converting a Pandas dataframe to an Excel file with a line chart using Pandas and XlsxWriter1.

1: Here is the footnote.

example_pandas_chart_lineview raw
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##############################################################################
#
# An example of converting a Pandas dataframe to an xlsx file with a line
# chart using Pandas and XlsxWriter.
#
# Copyright 2013-2018, John McNamara, jmcnamara@cpan.org
#

import pandas as pd
import random

# Create some sample data to plot.
max_row = 21
categories = ['Node 1', 'Node 2', 'Node 3', 'Node 4']
index_1 = range(0, max_row, 1)
multi_iter1 = {'index': index_1}

for category in categories:
multi_iter1[category] = [random.randint(10, 100) for x in index_1]

# Create a Pandas dataframe from the data.
index_2 = multi_iter1.pop('index')
df = pd.DataFrame(multi_iter1, index=index_2)
df = df.reindex(columns=sorted(df.columns))

# Create a Pandas Excel writer using XlsxWriter as the engine.
sheet_name = 'Sheet1'
writer = pd.ExcelWriter('pandas_chart_line.xlsx', engine='xlsxwriter')
df.to_excel(writer, sheet_name=sheet_name)

# Access the XlsxWriter workbook and worksheet objects from the dataframe.
workbook = writer.book
worksheet = writer.sheets[sheet_name]

# Create a chart object.
chart = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'line'})

# Configure the series of the chart from the dataframe data.
for i in range(len(categories)):
col = i + 1
chart.add_series({
'name': ['Sheet1', 0, col],
'categories': ['Sheet1', 1, 0, max_row, 0],
'values': ['Sheet1', 1, col, max_row, col],
})

# Configure the chart axes.
chart.set_x_axis({'name': 'Index'})
chart.set_y_axis({'name': 'Value', 'major_gridlines': {'visible': False}})

# Insert the chart into the worksheet.
worksheet.insert_chart('G2', chart)

# Close the Pandas Excel writer and output the Excel file.
writer.save()

https://xlsxwriter.readthedocs.io/example_pandas_chart.html

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